In response to the challenges of gully erosion and the emerging Land degradation and environmental insecurity, a request for assistance was made in 2010 by Mr. President to the World Bank Nigeria office, to support the country in addressing severe erosion and its impacts in south-eastern Nigeria. The Federal Ministry of Environment in concert with the World Bank and its partner agencies have designed the Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) to address on a multi-dimensional scale the menace of gully erosion in the south east as well as land degradation in the North. The project (NEWMAP) is in line with the growth and resilience goals of Nigeria’s Vision 20:2020.
The Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP) development objective, aims to reduce vulnerability to soil erosion in targeted sub-catchments. This eight-(8) year innovative, multi-sectoral project will finance State-led interventions to prevent and reverse land degradation, initially focusing on gully erosion sites that threaten infrastructure and livelihoods in seven States: Abia, Anambra, Cross River, Ebonyi, Edo, Enugu and Imo. The Project has further scaled out to twelve states in Nigeria including: Delta, Oyo, Sokoto, Gombe, Plateau, Kogi, Kano, Akwa Ibom, Borno, Nasarrawa, Katsina and Niger states.
Investments include a strategic combination of civil engineering, vegetative land management and other catchment protection measures, and community-led adaptive livelihood initiatives. The sustainability of these investments will be reinforced by strengthening institutions and information services across sectors and States, including support to improve governance, regulatory compliance, environmental monitoring, impact evaluation, catchment and land use planning, and to strengthen Nigeria’s capacity to promote and implement climate-resilient, low-carbon development.
NEWMAP involves many Federal and State Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), local governments, communities, and civil society. Effective implementation requires inter-ministerial and inter-state coordination, collaboration, and information sharing. Each component, sub-component and activity will be implemented through relevant Federal and State MDAs. The various MDAs include those responsible for planning, economy and finance, works, agriculture, water resources, forests, transport, power, emergency response, as well as those focused on climate and hydrological information or catchment/ basin regulation. Most of NEWMAP’s investments will be made at the State level, as States have primary responsibility for land management and land allocations.
The Federal Ministry of Environment (FME) is the lead implementing agency for NEWMAP. A Federal Project Management Unit (FPMU) headed by a Federal Coordinator hosted by FME is responsible for overall coordination. There is a State Project Management Unit (e.g. Ebonyi SPMU) in each participating State, headed by a State Coordinator and hosted by each State’s Ministry of Environment. The participating states must qualify to benefit from NEWMAP investment activities. All participating states will be eligible to participate in institutional capacity building and technical assistance activities, as these will contribute to meeting qualification criteria to participate in investment activities.